Giovanni Gallavotti won the prestigious Poincaré award, the highest international recognition for mathematical physics, awarded every three years. Gallavotti was awarded for his research and "outstanding contributions" on statistical mechanics, on quantum field theory, classical mechanics and chaotic systems, as stated in the motivations published on the Poincaré Prize website. Including, in particular, the studies on "Renormalization theory for interacting fermionic systems" and the "fluctuation relation for the large deviation functional of entropy production". "This important award is a truly deserved recognition of Giovanni Gallavotti's enormous contribution, at international level, to the development of mathematical physics in general, and in particular to that of statistical mechanics", comments Antonio Masiero, vice president of the National Institute of Nuclear Physics ( INFN). "Indeed, for Italy, I would say that Gallavotti was a real precursor in the field of statistical mechanics, giving rise to a fertile strand of research that has developed in our country since the '70s. Since many years Gallavotti's research is done in association with the INFN ", concludes Masiero. Born 77 years ago in Naples, Gallavotti is a member of the Accademia dei Lincei. He graduated with honors in Physics at the University of Rome in 1963, and then perfected at the University of Florence in 196. He began his research in mathematical physics with David Ruelle and Salvador Miracle-Solé at the Institut des Hautes Études Scientifiques, Bures -sur-Yvette, from 1966 to 1968. Gallavotti then gained extensive experience abroad: from Rockefeller University in New York, to the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, to Rutgers University. He was also president of the International association for Mathematical Physics and author of over 200 publications. Nominated professor emeritus of the University of Rome La Sapienza, Gallavotti is not new to the awards. In 1997 he received the "National President of the Republic Award" for the “Natural Sciences section” of the Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei and, in 2007, he won the Boltzmann Medal, the highest international recognition for scientific contributions to statistical mechanics.