INFN promotes Open Access as defined by the Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities

Open Access consists in the free and immediate public access to results and data of publicly funded research.


Open Access matches the constitutional values of promotion of culture and research, both scientific and technological. In particular, it aims to: disseminate science research on an international scale; to make research products accessible to subjects unable to access pay resources, to favor a reduction in the duplication of scientific studies; to support interdisciplinary research, knowledge transfer to industry and transparency to citizenship; to improve efficiency of science in education, to guarantee conservation of results over time.

INFN opposes plagiarism and verifies the originality of contents deposited in its repositories.

Open Access publishing operates on two levels: 

•            The “green road”, i.e., self-archiving of both metadata and content, including the grant of perpetual, universal and free of charge grant of access;

•            The “gold road”, i.e., publication of scientific papers on open access, refereed journals.

INFN supports the green road in order to disseminate the research products, making them accessible beyond the publishers' commercial network, in respect of the copyright laws, and supporting the interoperability among academic institutional repositories. Along with self-archiving, INFN will promote a policy of development of Open Access publishing (the gold road).

The INFN policy implements the UE Commission Recommendation (July 17th, 2012) on access to scientific information and preservation (2012/417/UE) also in GUCE L 194/39 July 24th, 2012; and the sec. 4, comma 2 and 4, DL n.91/2013, law L. n. 112/2013.

INFN has signed the Berlin Declaration (2009) and the Messina Declaration 2.0 (2014).

INFN is both a partner and Italy's coordinator of the Sponsoring Consortium for Open Access Publishing in Particle Physics (SCOAP3,, in collaboration with CRUI, and participating research institutes and universities.

INFN has signed with CNR, INGV and INAF the memorandum of understanding "For the collaboration on Open Access and interoperability  among R&D information systems".

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