From the founding of the Italian Institute for Nuclear Physics, on 8 August 1951, to today, the history of research into fundamental physics in Italy has known seventy years of excellence that led to historic results and discoveries. Rooted in the intertwining of two research currents, the physics of atomic nuclei and the study of cosmic particles, INFN was set up a short time after the founding of particle physics, constituting, right from the start, a solid base for the scientific successes that followed in subsequent years, in Italy and in the context of increasingly wide international collaborations.
Almost ten years ago, in 2012, you were head of the ATLAS experiment that, alongside the CMS experiment, announced the discovery of the Higgs boson. How did we get there?It took 30 years. This is the time that passed from the very first ideas about the Large Hadron Collider in 1984 to the discovery of the Higgs boson in 2012. In my opinion, this discovery is emblematic of the way in which the scientific community works in our field.
On December 9, from NASA Kennedy Space Center at Cape Canaveral, Florida, IXPE (Imaging X-ray Polarimetry Explorer) satellite successfully took off aboard a Falcon 9 launcher. Born from the collaboration between NASA and the Italian Space Agency (ASI), as leading partner, the INFN and the INAF National Institute for Astrophysics,
The total number of observed spacetime perturbations has increased. Certifying this is the updated gravitational wave transient catalogue (GWTC-3) published by the Virgo, LIGO and Kagra scientific collaborations on 8 November in the ArXiv online archive.
Ilaria Nardecchia, a researcher of the INFN Division of Rome Tor Vergata, is the winner of the first edition of the Virgo Award, an award given annually by the international collaboration Virgo to a young researcher for his or her significant contribution to the experiment.
Thanks to the observations of NASA's Fermi satellite telescope, an international team of researchers has, for the first time, identified the gamma rays emitted, in certain galaxies close to ours, by the so-called UFOs.
The Gaia-X Hub Italia Association was established on 3 December, with the aim of promoting the data ecosystem in the country. The initiative, shared with the Ministries of Economic Development, of Innovation and Digital Transition and of University and Research, sees among the founding members Confindustria, the Bruno Kessler Foundation (FBK) and the INFN.
On Novemer 9, during the final day of the Festival of Science in Cagliari, the Young Woman of Science 2021 Award was given to Francesca Dordei, researcher of the INFN Cagliari division and of the collaborations LHCb, at CERN, and DarkSide, at the INFN Gran Sasso National Laboratories, for her research achievements in particle physics and for her commitment in scientific outreach.
In November, the European Radon Day and the International Cosmic Day were celebrated. At the European level, the European Radon Day is the day dedicated to information and awareness on radon and natural radioactivity and falls every year on 7 November, the anniversary of the birth of Maria Skłodowska Curie.
28 November was the final day of the week of "Sfide" (Challenges), the 16th edition of the Rome Science Festival, produced by the Fondazione Musica per Roma with the project partnership of Codice Edizioni, implemented together with INFN, ASI Italian Space Agency, and with the participation of many research organisations and national scientific and cultural institutions.
1921-2021: on the hundredth anniversary of his birth, INFN, the Sapienza University of Rome and the Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei celebrated Bruno Touschek and his scientific legacy. A brilliant Austrian physicist, thanks to his ingenious insights and fruitful initiative, Touschek wrote a decisive chapter in the history of physics, and particularly marked the history of particle accelerators, creating the first accumulation ring, AdA, at the INFN Frascati National Laboratories, forerunner of subsequent collision rings.
The exhibition curated by INFN "Uncertainty. Interpreting the present, predicting the future" continues at the Palazzo delle Esposizioni in Rome. The exhibition, dedicated to the theme of uncertainty and how science has learned to understand and "manage" it, is part of the wider Palaexpo special project "Three Stations for Art and Science", promoted by Roma Culture, which includes the exhibitions "La Scienza di Roma" and "Ti con Zero".
Project and contents:
ecilia Collà Ruvolo, Eleonora Cossi, Anna Greco, Matteo Massicci, Francesca Mazzotta, Francesca Scianitti, Antonella Varaschin
Design and Mailing Coordinator:
Servizio Infrastrutture e Servizi Informatici Nazionali INFN